Victoria Vets Resource

Kitten Care

 
   

Vaccination Worming Neutering Fleas Identichip Feeding Insurance

Dental Care

Vaccination

Key Points

Kittens can be vaccinated from 9 weeks of age

Kittens require two sets of injections to get full protection

Your kitten is not protected until 2 weeks after the second injection

Booster injections every year are very important

Vaccinations are important as they give protection against highly infectious and life threatening diseases.

One of the most important things you should do to help your new kitten is to make sure that a full course of vaccination injections are given. These can be started at 9 weeks of age, with a second injection being given 3 weeks later. The aim of these injections is to provide protection against the following major infectious diseases; Feline Leukaemia, Cat Flu and Feline Infectious Enteritis. Full immunity is reached 2 weeks after the second injection. It is important to realise that your kitten will not be fully protected until this time, so make sure that you don’t expose your kitten to unnecessary risks. You should not let your kitten out until 2 weeks after the second injection been given.

It is very important to have your cat’s immunity boosted each year. We send out booster reminder cards before your pet is due, so watch out for these in the post. When you receive the reminder, make sure you phone the surgery to make an appointment. Your cat will also have a thorough routine annual health examination at the time of this injection when you will have the opportunity to discuss any problems.

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Worming

Kitten: Panacur

Almost all kittens are born with roundworms.

The kitten becomes infected from its mother via her milk. Worm larvae are passed to the kitten, which form cysts in the body from which adult worms will continue to hatch.

The best way to ensure that your kitten is free from the infectious worm larvae is to use an effective wormer every 4 weeks until the age of 6 months. The wormer will kill the worms as they emerge from the cysts throughout the body.

The best wormer to use is Panacur as it kills both the adult worm and the immature larvae.

Panacur needs to be given to kittens as a three day course. It is important to check your kitten’s weight and dose correctly.

Panacur is very safe and can be given in either a liquid, granule or paste form.

Most wormers sold through shops are not as effective as Panacur, so beware!

Adult: Drontal Cat

When your kitten is 6 month old, you should change the wormer to Drontal Cat.

Drontal Cat is a single dose multi-worming treatment. It is highly effective at killing both roundworms and tapeworms.

Drontal Cat is very safe, is easy to administer, and can be given with food.

We recommend that you worm your cat every 3 months. This is the most effective way of keeping your cat fit and free from worms.

It is particularly important that your cat is regularly wormed if you have children in the family.

Just because you don’t see worms does not mean that your cat is worm free. The worms live in your pet’s guts, and usually only shed eggs in the faeces. Roundworm eggs are tiny and can only be seen under a microscope. Tapeworm segments appear as small white objects about the size of a grain of rice under your cat’s tail. You will usually only see worms if your cat has a very heavy infestation.

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Fleas

No matter how clean your house or cat, at some stage you will face the problem of fleas!

The sooner you get on top of this potential problem, the sooner you ensure your pet is flea free.

Fleas are small, brown insects that feed on your pet. They spend most of their life living in the carpets, bedding, and any warm cosy environment. They only spend about 5% of their life on animals.

Each flea can lay about 500 eggs every month, and each of these eggs can develop into an adult flea in as little as 3 weeks.

Fleas are an all year round problem, especially when your house is heated. All year round flea control is essential.

When grooming, your cat can become infected with a tapeworm carried by the flea.

Fleas cause irritation to the skin which can lead to inflammation, hair loss and infections. In young animals it can cause anaemia.

Dog and cat fleas can bite humans.

The most effective flea treatments we use are Advantage spot on drops, Frontline drops and spray and Program tablets or injections.

If your cat becomes infected with fleas, it is also important to treat the house with an effective environmental insecticide. We recommend Acclaim Spray which kills flea larvae as well as the adult flea.

Advantage Spot on Drops

These are extremely safe as they do not get absorbed into the blood stream, and should be used from 8 weeks of age. They are simple to administer and are highly effective at killing fleas on your cat within 24 hours. Each treatment lasts a full 4 weeks, so you only need to treat your pets once a month.

Frontline Spray

Frontline is a highly effective spray which can be used safely from 2 days old. It is applied on cats only once every 2 months, and remains effective even if your cat gets wet.

Program Liquid

Program is a safe and effective treatment used to control the way fleas reproduce. It prevents flea eggs from hatching, so stopping the flea life cycle in its tracks. It is one of the most effective treatments available at preventing fleas from becoming a problem. This must be given monthly with food to all cats and dogs in the same household.

Program Injection

This treatment could not be easier. It is an injection given every 6 months and breaks the flea life cycle. Flea eggs cannot hatch. It is also very safe and can be given from 8 weeks.

Acclaim Spray

This must NOT be used on animals. It is only for use in the house to kill the living fleas and flea larvae. It should be used in conjunction with a flea product on your pet if you know your cat has become infected. It inhibits the development of fleas for 7 months.

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Neutering

Neutering is mainly recommended for the medical benefits.

Neutering your cat is the best way to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Male cats are castrated

Female cats are spayed.

Cat Spay

Female cats are usually spayed to prevent them becoming pregnant, so reducing the number of unwanted kittens.

We recommend spaying your cat also for medical reasons. Your cat will not come into season, and therefore will not be chased by a tom cat. This will greatly reduce her risks of catching infectious diseases and developing abscesses from cat fights.

Your cat is less likely to develop breast cancer and will also be saved from life threatening womb infections (pyometra).

The cat spay operation involves a general anaesthetic and the removal of both ovaries, the uterus and the cervix. She will never come into season again.

The operation is best performed before she has her first season, and should be carried out at around 6 months of age.

Cat Castration

Neutered male cats are less likely to roam and fight as they tend to be less aggressive. As a result, they are less likely to be involved in road accidents and will be at a reduced risk of catching infectious diseases from other male cats.

Tom cats often spray strong smelling urine to mark out their territory, which is likely to include your house. Castration at an early age can help reduce the chances of this happening.

Cats are best castrated between 6 and 12 months of age.

The operation is carried out under a general anaesthetic, and involves the removal of both testicles.

Some people neuter cats at an earlier age, but we do not recommend this as there is some evidence suggesting it can alter the development of bone in the male.

The General Anaesthetic

We are all concerned about anaesthetic safety, and at Victoria Veterinary Centre we take every effort to make sure that the procedure is as safe as possible.

We recommend performing a blood test before the operation to check that the internal organs and blood system are healthy and can cope with the anaesthetic.

We have a range of anaesthetic monitoring systems which can be used throughout the operation.

Your cat will have a health check before the operation, will be given a sedative before the anaesthetic, pain killing injections and antibiotics.

Most cats go home the same day, but will often be a little drowsy for 24 hours.

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DENTAL DISEASE

What is dental disease and how does it start?
As your pet eats, food particles will naturally accumulate on and between tooth surfaces. Bacteria in the mouth digest these particles to form plaque, which is the sticky yellow film seen on the teeth. As this infection spreads, dental disease starts.

What is tartar, gingivitis, and periodontal disease?
When enough plaque builds up, the bacteria cause infection of the gums known as GINGIVITIS; this is often seen as a red line along the bottom of the teeth. As time passes, plaque hardens to form TARTAR which in a way holds the infection to the tooth surface and helps push bacteria and debris under the gum line. PERIODONTAL DISEASE is this deeper infection around teeth and tooth roots which ultimately results in the loss of the infected teeth.

How does diet effect my pets dental health?
Pets who eat exclusively hard food have fewer problems than pets who eat ANY AMOUNT of canned, semi-moist, or table foods. Food particles always are accumulating on the teeth, but soft food types seem to speed up the process as much as 3 times the normal rate. There are a few special diets which are now made to clean the teeth better as the pet eats!

Can bad teeth be harmful to my pet?
Dirty teeth may smell and look bad, but the damage that you don't see is much worse. The gum tissue has an extensive blood supply. When periodontal infection starts, these bacteria get into your pet's circulation and can eventually lead to heart, liver, kidney, bone and joint disease. Besides this, a bad tooth hurts just like in people!

What are the warning signs of dental disease?
Bad breath and possibly drooling or frequent licking may be the first signs. Inflammation of the gums (redness) with possible bleeding or obvious tartar build-up may be seen on looking into the mouth. Pus may be noted around teeth. Some pets may simply be "poor doers" due to fighting the chronic infection and pain associated with dental disease.

What can be done to treat my pet?
Treatment for most pets involves scaling the plaque and tartar from the teeth even below the gum line. Teeth are then polished to smooth the surfaces and help prevent future damage. In general, damaged teeth need to be under a general anaesthetic.


What can be done to prevent future dental disease?
Feeding only dry foods will greatly slow the build-up of plaque. Feeding ANY amount of softer food will mean more professional care will be needed.
Try to brush you pet's teeth on a regular basis using CET toothpaste.
Remember that even though you may brush frequently, plaque and tartar can still build up with time. Regular check ups at the vet are very important.

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Feeding your kitten

Most vets recommend feeding cats, from a kitten, through to old age, on the Hills range of foods. This is not a coincidence. There are many benefits of feeding this food compared to most other commercial products.

For kittens, we suggest feeding Feline Growth, particularly in the dry form. Its main advantages over other foods are:

Helps Prevent Kidney Disease:

The levels of protein and phosphorous in the diet is carefully controlled

to prevent damage to kidney cells. Many other diets are too rich in

both protein and phosphorous and therefore overload the kidneys.

Helps Prevent Heart Disease:

The levels of salt are significantly reduced compared to most other

foods. This helps to prevent fluid retention and so prevents hypertension

and heart disease.

Reduced Risk of Some Bone Diseases:

The levels of calcium are just right. Neither too much nor too little.

This helps reduce the chances of some joint and bone diseases found

in certain breeds.

Easy To Digest. No Waste:

The quality of the ingredients used is very high and consistent, unlike

many other pet foods. This reduces the amount of waste as more of the

food is used.

Balanced Diet:

The levels of nutrients, vitamins and minerals is exactly balanced

for the needs of your pet, no matter what age or size.

All Stages of Life are Provided For:

There is a large range of different foods specifically made for different

ages of animal. This is because the needs of your pet vary according

to their age and lifestyle. Make sure you are feeding the correct diet.

Easy to Store:

The dry food is very easy to keep and feed. The food does not go off

if left in a bowl all day.

100% Guarantee:

Your Pet Likes It Or We Buy It Back!

Costs Less Than You Think:

The cost per day is often very much less than you think.

For example, an kitten on Feline Growth would cost less than

20p per day.

Good For The Teeth:

By feeding dry food, the teeth are kept clean longer. We see significantly

less dental decay in animals that are fed purely on a complete dry

food.

The Cat Food Range Help Prevent Bladder Stones and Infections:

The levels of magnesium in the cat foods are carefully controlled to

reduce the chance of magnesium containing crystals and stones forming

in the bladder. These foods also help maintain an acidic urine which

helps reduce the chances of bladder infections.

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Pet Insurance:

The cost of veterinary care for your pet can be expensive these days.

The running costs of a well equipped veterinary centre with professionally trained staff and up to date facilities is high.

Advances in veterinary medicine and surgery allow us to help your pet more than every. These days animals are often referred to specialist centres for the most up to date treatment. It is not unusual for an operation at a specialist centre to cost in excess of 1000!

For just a couple of pounds a week you can get comprehensive insurance for your cat covering veterinary fees up to 4000 per condition per year! The fear of not being able to afford treatment need not be there with insurance.

There are many different insurance companies offering pet insurance. We find that Pet Plan offers perhaps the most comprehensive and reliable policy. It does cost a little more than some others, but from our experiences this company gives us confidence that for most situations, you know your pet is comfortably covered. They also settle their claims quickly.

We can usually offer you immediate cover for your puppy, free of charge for the first 4 weeks from vaccination. If you have not received your cover note, please ask a member of staff.

Insurance does not cover for neutering operations, vaccinations or most preventable treatments.

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Microchip Implants:

In this modern age, your cat can be permanently identified with a small microchip injected under the skin. The microchip contains a unique number that identifies your pet. Once registered, you can be assured that if ever your cat becomes lost anywhere in the country, then with the aid of a scanner (used by all vets and dog rescue homes), your own personal details, including address, telephone numbers, vet and important medical information can be traced 24 hours a day.

The microchip lasts for life, and there is only the initial cost of the implant to pay. This costs at present 23.50. We strongly recommend you get your cat microchipped.

It is a painless procedure that can be carried out during a consultation, and involves a simple injection .

It is essential to have your pet Microchipped if you are considering taking your pet abroad.

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